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Issue 22, 2018
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Amplified spontaneous emission in phenylethylammonium methylammonium lead iodide quasi-2D perovskites

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Abstract

Organo-metal-halide perovskites are a promising set of materials for optoelectronic applications such as solar cells, light emitting diodes and lasers. Perovskite thin films have demonstrated amplified spontaneous emission thresholds as low as 1.6 μJ cm−2 and lasing thresholds as low as 0.2 μJ cm−2. Recently the performance of perovskite light emitting diodes has rapidly risen due to the formation of quasi 2D films using bulky ligands such as phenylethylammonium. Despite the high photoluminescent yield and external quantum efficiency of quasi 2D perovskites, few reports exist on amplified spontaneous emission. We show within this report that the threshold for amplified spontaneous emission of quasi 2D perovskite films increases with the concentration of phenylethylammonium. We attribute this increasing threshold to a charge transfer state at the PEA interface that competes for excitons with the ASE process. Additionally, the comparatively slow inter-grain charge transfer process cannot significantly contribute to the fast radiative recombination in amplified spontaneous emission. These results suggest that relatively low order PEA based perovskite films that are suitable for LED applications are not well suited for lasing applications. However high order films were able to maintain their low threshold values and may still benefit from improved stability.

Graphical abstract: Amplified spontaneous emission in phenylethylammonium methylammonium lead iodide quasi-2D perovskites

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Apr 2018, accepted on 17 May 2018 and first published on 18 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02133C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 15030-15036
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    Amplified spontaneous emission in phenylethylammonium methylammonium lead iodide quasi-2D perovskites

    M. R. Leyden, T. Matsushima, C. Qin, S. Ruan, H. Ye and C. Adachi, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 15030
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02133C

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