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Issue 2, 2018
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The effect of Ho3+ doping on 13C dynamic nuclear polarization at 5 T

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Dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization was introduced in 2003 as a method for producing hyperpolarized 13C solutions suitable for metabolic imaging. The signal to noise ratio for the imaging experiment depends on the maximum polarization achieved in the solid state. Hence, optimization of the DNP conditions is essential. To acquire maximum polarization many parameters related to sample preparation can be modulated. Recently, it was demonstrated that Ho3+, Dy3+, Tb3+, and Gd3+ complexes enhance the polarization at 1.2 K and 3.35 T when using the trityl radical as the primary paramagnetic center. Here, we have investigated the influence of Ho-DOTA on 13C solid state DNP at 1.2 K and 5 T. We have performed 13C DNP on [1-13C] sodium acetate in 1 : 1 (v/v) water/glycerol with 15 mM trityl OX063 radicals in the presence of a series of Ho-DOTA concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5 mM). We have found that adding a small amount of Ho-DOTA in the sample preparation not only enhances the 13C polarization but also decreases the buildup time. The optimum Ho-DOTA concentration was 2 mM. In addition, the microwave sweep spectrum changes character in a manner that suggests both the cross effect and thermal mixing are active mechanisms for trityl radical at 5 T and 1.2 K.

Graphical abstract: The effect of Ho3+ doping on 13C dynamic nuclear polarization at 5 T

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Oct 2017, accepted on 08 Dec 2017 and first published on 08 Dec 2017

Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07198A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 728-731
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    The effect of Ho3+ doping on 13C dynamic nuclear polarization at 5 T

    A. A. Sirusi, E. H. Suh, Z. Kovacs and M. E. Merritt, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 728
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07198A

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