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A study of GaN nucleation and coalescence in the initial growth stages on nanoscale patterned sapphire substrates via MOCVD

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Abstract

GaN growth on cone-shaped nanoscale patterned sapphire substrates (NPSS) in the initial stages was investigated via a series of growth interruptions. The thickness of the nucleation layer (NL) was optimized as 15 nm. A high-quality GaN film was achieved with an average surface roughness of 0.13 nm over 5 × 5 μm2, a threading dislocation density (TDD) of 1.80 × 108 cm−2 and a residual stress of 0.40 GPa. X-ray diffraction (XRD) ω/φ-scans, cathodoluminescence (CL) mapping and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements were carried out to study the GaN coalescence process on NPSS. Nano-nucleating, lateral growth and the submerging of the large tilt grains were confirmed as the primary factors that reduced the TDD and residual stress. The mechanism for GaN nucleation on NPSS and its effect on the subsequent growth stages were elucidated.

Graphical abstract: A study of GaN nucleation and coalescence in the initial growth stages on nanoscale patterned sapphire substrates via MOCVD

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Aug 2018, accepted on 26 Sep 2018 and first published on 27 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE01450G
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
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    A study of GaN nucleation and coalescence in the initial growth stages on nanoscale patterned sapphire substrates via MOCVD

    Y. Chen, Z. Chen, J. Li, Y. Chen, C. Li, J. Zhan, T. Yu, X. Kang, F. Jiao, S. Li, G. Zhang and B. Shen, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE01450G

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