Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 26, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Liquid flow deposition of PbS films on GaAs(100)

Author affiliations


Chemical bath deposition (CBD) is a simple and inexpensive technique for thin film deposition of a variety of semiconductors. Nevertheless, this technique has some drawbacks such as the change of reactant concentrations and spatial non-uniformity. Liquid flow deposition (LFD) is a variation of CBD with potentially improved performance. In the current research, LFD of PbS films was studied for the first time using a custom-made reactor. The reactor was made of Pyrex and has a tubular geometry, and the substrate was placed vertically on a hemi-cylindrical stage made of Teflon. The main objective of this research was to enhance our understanding of thin film deposition by comparing the results obtained in LFD and CBD methods. High resolution scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction showed <110> oriented films for both methods. A notable advantage of the LFD method is the possibility to deposit films of the same quality simultaneously on both sides of the substrate, which has a variety of practical implications. Kinetic studies showed that the maximal growth rate in the reactor was achieved when the residence time corresponded to half of the induction time, which indicates that film growth occurred by direct nucleation on the substrate. LFD can provide monocrystalline films with thickness exceeding 5 μm at room temperature, whereas such a film thickness is rarely obtained in CBD. Moreover, a growth time series in LFD demonstrated autocatalytic deposition and its effect on the resulting film. The growth rate in LFD increases with time and reaches a maximum of 80 nm min−1 after 30 min of deposition at 30 °C, after which it stays constant throughout the deposition, while in CBD the growth rate drops after 30 min of deposition.

Graphical abstract: Liquid flow deposition of PbS films on GaAs(100)

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 05 May 2018, accepted on 06 Jun 2018 and first published on 08 Jun 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00736E
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018,20, 3765-3771
  •   Request permissions

    Liquid flow deposition of PbS films on GaAs(100)

    V. Murza, O. Friedman, L. Vradman and Y. Golan, CrystEngComm, 2018, 20, 3765
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00736E

Search articles by author