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Issue 26, 2018
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Modulation of two ye'elimite phases via Ga3+ cation substitution

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The space groups of the crystal structure of ye'elimite (Ca4Al6SO16) include the space groups of orthogonal Pcc2 and cubic I[4 with combining macron]3m, and these structures are room-temperature stable and high-temperature metastable phases, respectively. In this study, the phase transition process from Pcc2 to I[4 with combining macron]3m is adjusted by Ga3+ cation substitution, and the change in Al/GaO4 tetrahedra and the derived influence for adjacent Ca2+ ions are surveyed by structural refinements. The obtained results indicate that when the Ga3+-doped concentration (x) is below and above 10 at%, the introduction of Ga3+ ions mainly influences the crystal structures of the Pcc2 and I[4 with combining macron]3m phases, respectively. Moreover, when x is above 14%, the pure unstable I[4 with combining macron]3m phase can be stabilized at room temperature, and this is verified by its all-extinction phenomenon observed under a polarizing microscope, the absence of structural changes in the temperature-dependent XRD survey and the lack of endothermic effect in the DSC curves. In addition, due to the different coordination environments, the Eu3+ fluorescence probe also demonstrates pronounced difference in the crystal field splitting between the two phases of Ca4Al6SO16. The research discussed in this study provides a useful platform for adjusting the phase transformation of Ca4Al6SO16, and it also shows some guidelines for analyzing the phase transition between the two polymorphs in ye'elimite-containing materials by combining structural refinement and common optical characterizations such as polarizing microscopy and photoluminescence.

Graphical abstract: Modulation of two ye'elimite phases via Ga3+ cation substitution

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Mar 2018, accepted on 21 May 2018 and first published on 24 May 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00405F
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018,20, 3755-3764
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    Modulation of two ye'elimite phases via Ga3+ cation substitution

    S. Liu, X. Lu, J. Chen, S. Wang, Z. Ye and X. Cheng, CrystEngComm, 2018, 20, 3755
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00405F

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