An intracellular diamine oxidase triggered hyperpolarized 129Xe magnetic resonance biosensor†
Here, a novel method was developed for suppressing 129Xe signals in cucurbituril (CB6) until the trigger is activated by a specific enzyme. Due to its noncovalent interactions with amino-groups and CB6, putrescine dihydrochloride (Put) was chosen for blocking interactions between 129Xe and CB6. Upon adding diamine oxidase (DAO), Put was released from CB6 and a 129Xe@CB6 Hyper-CEST signal emerged. This proposed 129Xe biosensor was then tested in small intestinal villus epithelial cells.