Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 45, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

3D negative thermal expansion in orthorhombic MIL-68(In)

Author affiliations


Negative thermal expansion (NTE), lattice contraction upon heating, has been found in some metal organic frameworks (MOFs). To date, MOF compounds have been found to present either isotropic NTE in the cubic phase or 1D or 2D NTE in a low symmetry structure. Herein, we report anisotropic NTE in orthorhombic MIL-68(In) with the 3D NTE of αa = −5.6 × 10−6 K−1, αb = −2.7 × 10−6 K−1 and αc = −4.0 × 10−6 K−1. A synchrotron X-ray diffraction study shows that the transverse vibration of the phenyl ring leads to the NTE in the ab plane. Further high-energy synchrotron X-ray total scattering investigation reveals that the rotation of rigid octahedrons gives rise to the NTE along the c-axis. Such abnormal 3D NTE in orthorhombic MIL-68(In) is accounted for by the combination of transverse vibration and rigid unit modes. This is the first case to show 3D NTE in a low symmetry MOF compound and it will be beneficial to tailor the thermal expansion of functional MOF materials.

Graphical abstract: 3D negative thermal expansion in orthorhombic MIL-68(In)

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 21 Apr 2018, accepted on 04 May 2018 and first published on 09 May 2018

Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8CC03219J
Citation: Chem. Commun., 2018,54, 5712-5715
  •   Request permissions

    3D negative thermal expansion in orthorhombic MIL-68(In)

    Z. Liu, Q. Li, H. Zhu, K. Lin, J. Deng, J. Chen and X. Xing, Chem. Commun., 2018, 54, 5712
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CC03219J

Search articles by author