Long-lived charge separation in dye–semiconductor assemblies: a pathway to multi-electron transfer reactions
Solar energy has the potential of providing the world with clean and storable energy. In principle, solar fuels can be generated by light absorption followed by primary charge separation and secondary charge separation to reaction centres. However this comes with several challenges, including the need for long-lived charge separation and accumulation of several charges. This Feature Article focuses on how to achieve long-lived charge separation in dye sensitized semiconductor assemblies and the way towards multi-electron transfer through conduction band mediation, aiming at solar fuel generation. Herein, we discuss various examples of how the charge separated lifetime can be extended and potential ways of achieving one or multiple electron transfer in these assemblies.