pH-Mediated molecular differentiation for fluorimetric quantification of chemotherapeutic drugs in human plasma†
At present, drug dosage is based on standardised approaches that disregard pharmakokinetic differences between patients and lead to non-optimal efficacy and unnecessary side effects. In this work, we demonstrate the potential of pH-mediated fluorescence spectroscopy for therapeutic drug monitoring in complex media. We apply this principle to the simultaneous quantification of the chemotherapeutic prodrug Irinotecan and its active metabolite SN-38 from human plasma across the clinically relevant concentration range, i.e. from micromolar to nanomolar at molar ratios of up to 30 : 1.