Turning a disadvantage into an advantage: synthesizing high-quality organometallic halide perovskite nanosheet arrays for humidity sensors†
Though power conversion efficiencies of perovskite solar cells of over 21% have been reported, the degradation of the performance of these cells in the presence of moisture still inhibits the commercialization of these otherwise promising devices. Herein, we decided to utilize the moisture sensitivity of perovskite materials and fabricate a moisture detector based on high-quality CH3NH3PbI3−xClx nanosheet arrays. The resulting devices present a high sensitivity towards humidity with device resistance significantly dropping from 1.28 × 108 Ω at 30% relative humidity (RH) to 7.39 × 104 Ω at 90% RH and a response even faster than that of the commercial psychrometer. This response was even steeper than those of commercial psychrometers. Moreover, our device showed good reversibility and impressive specificity. Thus, the humidity sensitivity of perovskites, while disadvantageous for solar cell applications, was found to be quite applicable in a new field.