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Issue 35, 2017
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Structural variations to a donor polymer with low energy losses

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Abstract

Two regioregular narrow bandgap conjugated polymers with a D′–A–D–A repeat unit architecture, namely PIFCF and PSFCF, were designed and synthesized. Both polymers contain strictly organized fluorobenzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (FBT) orientations and different solubilizing side chains for solution processing. Compared to the previously reported asymmetric pyridyl-[2,1,3]thiadiazole (PT) based regioregular polymer, namely PIPCP, PIFCF and PSFCF exhibit wider bandgaps, tighter π–π stacking, and improved hole mobilities. When incorporated into solar cells with fullerene acceptors, the Eloss = EgeVoc values of PIFCF and PSFCF devices are increased compared to solar cells based on PIPCP. Determination of Ect in these solar cells reveals that, relative to PIPCP, PIFCF solar cells lose more energy from EgEct, and PSFCF solar cells lose more energy from both EgEct and EcteVoc. The close structural relationship between PIPCP and PIFCF provides an excellent framework to establish molecular features that impact the relationship between Eg and Ect. Theoretical calculations predict that Eloss of PIFCF:PC61BM would be higher than in the case of PIPCP:PC61BM, due to greater EgEct. These findings provide insight into the design of high performance, low voltage loss photovoltaic polymeric materials with desirable optoelectronic properties.

Graphical abstract: Structural variations to a donor polymer with low energy losses

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Jun 2017
Accepted
01 Aug 2017
First published
01 Aug 2017

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 18618-18626
Article type
Paper

Structural variations to a donor polymer with low energy losses

J. Yuan, N. A. Ran, M. J. Ford, M. Wang, M. K. Ravva, C. Mai, X. Liu, J. Brédas, T. Nguyen, W. Ma and G. C. Bazan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 18618
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05442D

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