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Issue 11, 2017
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Synthesis and side-chain engineering of phenylnaphthalenediimide (PNDI)-based n-type polymers for efficient all-polymer solar cells

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Abstract

We designed and synthesized a series of n-type conjugated polymers by introducing phenylnaphthalenediimide (PNDI) as a novel n-type building block, and investigated the effect of side-chain engineering of the polymer acceptors on the performance of all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs). The optical, electrochemical, and structural properties of the polymers with three different side chains of 2-ethylhexyl (PPNDI-EH), 2-butyloctyl (PPNDI-BO), and 2-hexyldecyl (PPNDI-HD) groups were examined. Interestingly, the PNDI-based polymer having the longest side chain showed a higher degree of edge-on oriented intermolecular assembly in thin films, thereby resulting in the highest field-effect electron mobility among the three polymers. Also, we examined the performance of PNDI-based polymers as polymer acceptors in all-PSCs. Unlike the trend in the field-effect transistor, the PPNDI-BO-based all-PSCs exhibited the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 4.25% among the three polymer blends. This was attributed to the well-balanced hole/electron transport and higher exciton dissociation probability in the PPNDI-BO-based all-PSCs, benefitted from the well-intermixed blend morphology between the polymer donor and PPNDI-BO.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and side-chain engineering of phenylnaphthalenediimide (PNDI)-based n-type polymers for efficient all-polymer solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Dec 2016, accepted on 10 Feb 2017 and first published on 13 Feb 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA10978K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 5449-5459
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    Synthesis and side-chain engineering of phenylnaphthalenediimide (PNDI)-based n-type polymers for efficient all-polymer solar cells

    H. Cho, T. Kim, K. Kim, C. Lee, F. S. Kim and B. J. Kim, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 5449
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TA10978K

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