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Issue 21, 2017
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Effect of body deformability on microswimming

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Abstract

In this work we consider the following question: given a mechanical microswimming mechanism, does increased deformability of the swimmer body hinder or promote the motility of the swimmer? To answer this we run immersed-boundary-lattice-Boltzmann simulations of a microswimmer composed of deformable beads connected with springs. We find that the same deformations in the beads can result in different effects on the swimming velocity, namely an enhancement or a reduction, depending on the other parameters. To understand this we determine analytically the velocity of the swimmer, starting from the forces driving the motion and assuming that the deformations in the beads are known as functions of time and are much smaller than the beads themselves. We find that to the lowest order, only the driving frequency mode of the surface deformations contributes to the swimming velocity, and comparison to the simulations shows that both the velocity-promoting and velocity-hindering effects of bead deformability are reproduced correctly by the theory in the limit of small bead deformations. For the case of active deformations we show that there are critical values of the spring constant – which for a general swimmer corresponds to its main elastic degree of freedom – which decide whether the body deformability is beneficial for motion or not.

Graphical abstract: Effect of body deformability on microswimming

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Article information


Submitted
23 Jan 2017
Accepted
01 May 2017
First published
03 May 2017

Soft Matter, 2017,13, 3984-3993
Article type
Paper

Effect of body deformability on microswimming

J. Pande, L. Merchant, T. Krüger, J. Harting and A. Smith, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 3984
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00181A

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