Efficient photocatalytic carbon monoxide production from ammonia and carbon dioxide by the aid of artificial photosynthesis†
Ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3) was generated by the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO2) into an aqueous solution of ammonia (NH3). NH4HCO3 was successfully used to achieve highly efficient photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to carbon monoxide (CO). NH3 and/or ammonium ions (NH4+) derived from NH4HCO3 in aqueous solution were decomposed into nitrogen (N2) and hydrogen (H2). Stoichiometric amounts of the N2 oxidation product and the CO and H2 reduction products were generated when the photocatalytic reaction was carried out in aqueous NH4HCO3 solution. NH3 and/or NH4+ functioned as electron donors in the photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to CO. A CO formation rate of 0.5 mmol h−1 was obtained using 500 mg of catalyst (approximately 7500 ppm) in ambient conditions (303 K, 101.3 kPa). Our results demonstrated that NH4HCO3 is a novel inorganic sacrificial reagent, which can be used to increase the efficiency of photocatalytic CO production to achieve one step CO2 capture, storage and conversion.
- This article is part of the themed collection: In celebration of Kazunari Domen’s 65th birthday, 2018