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Issue 49, 2017, Issue in Progress
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In situ formation of ultrafine CoS2 nanoparticles uniformly encapsulated in N/S-doped carbon polyhedron for advanced sodium-ion batteries

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Abstract

A dragon fruit-like nanostructure consisting of CoS2 nanoparticles and co-doped carbon polyhedron is effectively prepared through adjusting the pyrolysis processes of a Co-based zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67) precursor and subsequent heating sulfidation treatment. It was revealed that ultrafine CoS2 nanoparticles with an average particle size of 8 nm are uniformly dispersed and completely encapsulated in the N/S-doped carbon matrix. Such a multifunctional architecture achieves the integration of the favorite traits of ultrafine active nanoparticles and heteroatom-doped carbon matrix, thus giving rise to much improved electron transfer and ion transport, and upholding the structural integrity of the electrode and electrode/electrolyte interface. As an anode for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), the as-prepared CoS2/C polyhedron electrodes exhibit high reversible capacity and good cycling stability. For example, a reversible specific capacity of 563 mA h g−1 and a capacity retention rate of 90% with a remaining capacity of 510 mA h g−1 are obtained after 100 cycles at 100 mA g−1. In addition, a superior fast charge–discharge capability is also demonstrated with reversible specific capacities of 307 and 288 mA h g−1 at large current densities of 1500 and 2000 mA g−1, respectively. These impressive results indicate that the ZIF-derived synthetic strategy is highly adaptable to design dragon fruit-like nanostructure consisting of metal compounds/carbon nanomaterials with potential applications in high performance electrochemical energy storage devices and other environmental technology fields.

Graphical abstract: In situ formation of ultrafine CoS2 nanoparticles uniformly encapsulated in N/S-doped carbon polyhedron for advanced sodium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Mar 2017, accepted on 31 May 2017 and first published on 14 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7RA03628K
Citation: RSC Adv., 2017,7, 30699-30706
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    In situ formation of ultrafine CoS2 nanoparticles uniformly encapsulated in N/S-doped carbon polyhedron for advanced sodium-ion batteries

    F. Han, T. Lv, B. Sun, W. Tang, C. Zhang and X. Li, RSC Adv., 2017, 7, 30699
    DOI: 10.1039/C7RA03628K

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