RNA-sequencing dissects the transcriptome of polyploid cancer cells that are resistant to combined treatments of cisplatin with paclitaxel and docetaxel†
Overcoming chemoresistance will prevent cancer relapse and contribute to clinical chemotherapy. In order to explore the underlying mechanism of chemoresistance, we firstly incubated cancer cells with a combination of cisplatin + paclitaxel (C + P) or cisplatin + paclitaxel + docetaxel (C + P + D) to mimic the treatment of cancer therapy in the laboratory. We found that polyploidy is a recurring strategy that cells adopt in response to cisplatin-based treatments. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that may contribute to drug resistance. 4830 and 5518 DEGs were discovered in C + P and C + P + D resistant cells, respectively, and 4384 (73.40%) genes were shared. Possible drug resistance genes like Atg14, Abcb1b, Tbx2, Slc2a9, Slc10a3 and Slc22a18 were up-regulated while Foxm1, Bcl2, Brca1, Chek1, Hiatl1 and Abcb9 were down regulated. Genes involved in the pathways of p53 signaling, lysosomes and apoptosis were up-regulated, and in contrast, genes in the cell cycle, DNA replication, and mismatch repair pathways were down-regulated. Moreover, representative proteins relative to DEGs were examined to validate the results of RNA-seq and RT-PCR. Taken together, these results will contribute to revealing the mechanism of chemoresistance and discovering potential prognostic factors for cancer medication.