Efficient light harvesting within a C153@Zr-based MOF embedded in a polymeric film: spectral and dynamical characterization†
Light harvesting is a natural phenomenon that scientists try to mimic in artificial systems. Having this in mind, attention has been focused on using new smart-materials for photonics. Herein, we report on the photobehaviour of a Zr-NDC MOF (NDC = dimethyl 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate) and its composite material, Coumarin153@Zr-NDC, embedded within a polymeric membrane of poly[bisphenol A carbonate-co-4,4′-(3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexylidene)diphenol carbonate] (PC). For the mixed matrix membrane (MMM) Zr-NDC/PC, we observed interparticle excimer-like formation, taking place in times shorter than 15 ps and giving rise to a red-shifted broad emission band. The interparticle interactions are supported by the SEM images, as they reflect the contact between the MOF crystals. The C153@Zr-NDC/PC material presents an energy transfer (ET) process from the excited MOF to the trapped C153 molecules in 820 ps, with a 35 nm red-shifted emission band corresponding to C153 in PC. The fluorescence quantum yield, as a result of this ET from the MOF, is high enough (25%) to explore the possibility of using this new composite material in a LED device. To elucidate the observed photobehavior, we compared it with those of C153/PC and (2,6-NDC + C153)/PC films. These results shed light on the spectroscopic and dynamical properties of these new composite materials formed by a highly fluorescent molecule, and easily synthesized MOFs and polymeric matrices, opening the way for more research based on these mixed inorganic and organic compounds for possible applications in the fields of luminescence sensing and emitting devices.