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Issue 9, 2017
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Optical, electrical and magnetic properties of lanthanum strontium manganite La1−xSrxMnO3 synthesized through the citrate combustion method

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Abstract

Generally, strontium-doped lanthanum manganites (LSM) are materials connected ordinarily as cathodes in the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). In this study, the structural, optical, electrical and magnetic properties of La1−xSrxMnO3 (x = 0.2, 0.5, 0.8) synthesized using an organic acid precursor strategy were investigated, based on using citric acid as a fuel. Evidently, the results disclosed that a pure single monoclinic LSM phase was obtained from the thermally treated precursors annealed at 1000 °C with an annealing time of 2 h. The microstructure of the formed sample relied on the Sr2+ ion content. Moreover, a good optical transparency of 45–60% in a wide range of wavelengths between 800 and 1800 nm for all samples substituted by Sr2+ ions was performed. The optical band gap energy was increased from 2.09 to 2.76 eV by increasing the Sr2+ ion molar ratios. The trend in the calculated refractive index, the high frequency dielectric constant (εα) and the static dielectric constant (ε0) of all the produced samples can be linked to an increase in the Sr2+ ion concentration. Moreover, the magnetic properties were enhanced with increasing Sr2+ ion content.

Graphical abstract: Optical, electrical and magnetic properties of lanthanum strontium manganite La1−xSrxMnO3 synthesized through the citrate combustion method

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Oct 2016, accepted on 28 Jan 2017 and first published on 30 Jan 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6CP07333F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 6878-6886
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    Optical, electrical and magnetic properties of lanthanum strontium manganite La1−xSrxMnO3 synthesized through the citrate combustion method

    A. O. Turky, M. M. Rashad, A. M. Hassan, E. M. Elnaggar and M. Bechelany, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 6878
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CP07333F

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