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Issue 19, 2017
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Cross-sectional analysis of the core of silicon microparticles formed via zinc reduction of SiCl4

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Abstract

Silicon microparticles were formed by reduction of silicon tetrachloride by zinc. Chemical etching of these microparticles produced microparticles with a unique trench structure that showed visible photoluminescence. While we have previously reported the radially developed crystalline structure inside the as-synthesized microparticles, their crystalline structure was not clearly understood. In this study, we directly observed the cross sections of microparticles using a transmission electron microscope. We revealed the existence of a core inside the microparticles. The core showed a well-ordered electron diffraction pattern, which was readily explained by five single crystals rotated by 72° each. We also found that the observed radial lines and bands in the microparticles were caused by dislocations, mainly along the {111} planes. We consider that preferential etching along these radial dislocations is the origin of the formation of microparticles with trench structures.

Graphical abstract: Cross-sectional analysis of the core of silicon microparticles formed via zinc reduction of SiCl4

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
11 Feb 2017
Accepted
13 Apr 2017
First published
13 Apr 2017

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 2681-2686
Article type
Paper

Cross-sectional analysis of the core of silicon microparticles formed via zinc reduction of SiCl4

S. Inasawa, Y. Ono, T. Mizuguchi, A. Sunairi, S. Nakamura, Y. Tsuji and Y. Yamaguchi, CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 2681 DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00296C

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