An NIR-emitting lysosome-targeting probe with large Stokes shift via coupling cyanine and excited-state intramolecular proton transfer†
An NIR-emitting probe (λem ∼ 700 nm) with a large Stokes shift (Δλ ≈ 234 nm) is synthesized by using excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT). The phenolic proton, which controls ESIPT, acts as a switch to give strong fluorescence at pH ≈ 5. The probe can selectively show lysosome organelles, therefore leading to a lysosome probe without exhibiting “an alkalinizing effect”.
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