A target triggered proximity combination-based fluorescence sensing strategy for adenosine detection†
Adenosine is a potent physiological and pharmacological regulator, and its abnormal level is closely related to disease development. The sensitive and specific detection of adenosine is crucial for health evaluation and disease diagnosis. In this work, a target triggered proximity combination-based fluorescence sensing strategy is developed for the sensitive and specific detection of adenosine. A difunctional probe showing target recognition and signal amplification is designed, by integration of DNA linker-connected split aptamer fragments with a fragment-elongated polymerase/nicking template. The presence of adenosine would glue the split aptamers, which triggers the two distal aptamer fragments to combine with each other into proximity. The approaching aptamer fragment ends then initiate the strand displacement amplification (SDA) reaction, generating numerous DNA primers. The DNA primers further hybridize with a padlock probe and initiate the rolling circle amplification (RCA) reaction, producing numerous G-quadruplex sequences. The G-quadruplex sequences finally bind with Thioflavin T to obtain enhanced fluorescence signals. The method exhibits a linear correlation within the adenosine concentration range from 5.0 × 10−7 M to 2.0 × 10−5 M (R = 0.999) with a detection limit of 8.4 × 10−8 M, and a good selectivity to distinguish adenosine from its analogues. The recoveries of adenosine in human serum are from 91% to 94%, demonstrating that the system works well in biological fluids. The proposed sensing strategy is anticipated to hold promise in biochemical research, clinical diagnosis and disease treatment.