Rational design of silicon-based composites for high-energy storage devices
Silicon-based composites are very promising anode materials for boosting the energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). These silicon-based anodes can also replace the dendrite forming lithium metal anodes in lithium metal-free Li–O2 and Li–S batteries, which can offer energy content far beyond that of current LIBs. However, it is challenging to design silicon-based materials for use as anodes in real energy storage devices. In this review, we discuss how to boost the energy content of LIBs, the pros and cons of silicon-based anodes, and challenges associated with silicon-based anodes. A major focus of this review is on the rational design of silicon-based composite anodes to address the outstanding issues. In addition, high energy LIBs and Li–S batteries that employ silicon-based anodes are introduced and discussed.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2016 Journal of Materials Chemistry A Most Accessed Manuscripts