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Issue 16, 2016
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On the relationship between chemical expansion and hydration thermodynamics of proton conducting perovskites

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Abstract

In this contribution, we determine the compositional dependence of the chemical expansion and entropy of hydration of the proton conducting perovskites BaZrO3, BaSnO3, BaCeO3, and SrZrO3 by first principles phonon calculations. The calculations reveal that the cubic BaZrO3 and BaSnO3, which display the least favourable hydration enthalpies, −72 and −65 kJ mol−1, respectively, exhibit the most favourable entropies, −108 and −132 J mol−1 K−1, respectively. The strong compositional dependency of the hydration entropy primarily originates from the entropy gain upon filling the oxygen vacancy, which is closely related to the chemical expansion coefficient of oxygen vacancies, and thus the chemical expansion upon hydration. The chemical expansion coefficient of oxygen vacancies is more negative for the cubic than the orthorhombic perovskites, leading to a considerably larger chemical expansion upon hydration of the former. The calculations therefore suggest that challenges associated with chemical expansion upon hydration of BaZrO3 proton conducting electrolytes to some extent can be avoided, or reduced, by partial substitution of Zr by Ce.

Graphical abstract: On the relationship between chemical expansion and hydration thermodynamics of proton conducting perovskites

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Dec 2015, accepted on 26 Feb 2016 and first published on 01 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA10090A
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4, 5917-5924
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    On the relationship between chemical expansion and hydration thermodynamics of proton conducting perovskites

    T. S. Bjørheim, A. Løken and R. Haugsrud, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 5917
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TA10090A

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