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Issue 11, 2016
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Dual n-type units including pyridine and diphenylphosphine oxide: effective design strategy of host materials for high-performance organic light-emitting diodes

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Abstract

By using pyridine and diphenylphosphine oxide (DPPO) as dual n-type units, two novel bipolar hosts, namely (5-(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)pyridin-3-yl)diphenylphosphine oxide (m-PyPOmCP), and (6-(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)pyridin-3-yl)diphenylphosphine oxide (p-PyPOmCP) are developed for blue and green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs). Direct linking of the dual n-type units not only pulls the LUMOs down, but also keeps the HOMO levels shallow, and leads to high triplet energies (2.78–2.86 eV) and small singlet-triplet energy differences (0.23–0.35 eV). Blue and green PhOLEDs are fabricated using FIrpic and Ir(ppy)3 as dopants in the hosts. A low turn-on voltage of 2.6 V is achieved for the green PhOLEDs. The m-PyPOmCP hosted blue PhOLED achieves a high current efficiency of 55.6 cd A−1 (corresponding to a maximum external quantum efficiency of 25.3% and a power efficiency of 43.6 lm W−1). The p-PyPOmCP hosted green PhOLED exhibits an efficiency of 98.2 cd A−1 (28.2% and 102.8 lm W−1). These data are among the best values for blue and green PhOLEDs reported so far. These “dual n-type units” hosts show much better performance than their DPPO-free analogue, clearly proving that the direct linking of DPPO and pyridine as dual n-type units is an effective molecular design strategy for host materials for use in high-performance PhOLEDs.

Graphical abstract: Dual n-type units including pyridine and diphenylphosphine oxide: effective design strategy of host materials for high-performance organic light-emitting diodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Apr 2016, accepted on 07 Jul 2016 and first published on 08 Jul 2016


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6SC01797E
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2016,7, 6706-6714
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Dual n-type units including pyridine and diphenylphosphine oxide: effective design strategy of host materials for high-performance organic light-emitting diodes

    W. Li, J. Li, D. Liu, D. Li and D. Zhang, Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 6706
    DOI: 10.1039/C6SC01797E

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