Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 50, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

A novel antimicrobial target—expanded and revisited mode of action of pantothenamides

Author affiliations

Abstract

Pantothenamides are analogs of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), which is a natural precursor of coenzyme A (CoA). It has been shown that these compounds, predominantly N-substituted pantothenamides, possess antimicrobial activity against various pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli and S. aureus. It is widely accepted that these compounds act through combined inhibition of coenzyme A and fatty acid synthesis. However, the precise mechanism of action remains unrevealed. Here is reported the identification of a novel target of pantothenamides, never considered before. Molecular dynamics simulations together with free energy calculations reveal that the hydrophobic pocket of the acyl carrier protein (ACP) binds N-pentylpantothenamide. Consequently, the sequestration of the acyl chain attached to the Ppant prosthetic arm is defunct since the inhibitor occupies the hydrophobic core of the ACP. Thus, the acyl chain remains solvent-exposed and susceptible to hydrolysis. Moreover, the ACP with N-pentylpantothenamide bound could change its chain-flipping ability as well as its interaction propensity towards downstream enzyme partners of the fatty acid synthesis pathway, which could result in the suppression of the fatty acid synthesis rate.

Graphical abstract: A novel antimicrobial target—expanded and revisited mode of action of pantothenamides

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
21 Mar 2016
Accepted
27 Apr 2016
First published
03 May 2016

This article is Open Access

RSC Adv., 2016,6, 44888-44895
Article type
Paper
Author version available

A novel antimicrobial target—expanded and revisited mode of action of pantothenamides

A. Maršavelski, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 44888
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA07430H

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material and it is not used for commercial purposes.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements