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Issue 55, 2016, Issue in Progress
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Facile fabrication of carboxymethyl cellulose sodium/graphene oxide hydrogel microparticles for water purification

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Abstract

Herein, carboxymethyl cellulose sodium (CMCNa)/graphene oxide (GO) hydrogel microparticles (CGs) with diameters of 2.2–3.6 μm were prepared facilely via spray drying. The as-prepared CGs were used as adsorbents for the removal of methylene blue (MB), Eosin Y and various heavy metal ions. The results revealed that the adsorption capacities of the CG with 8 wt% GO increased by 340–354% for the dyes and 350–500% for heavy metal ions, in comparison with the pristine CMCNa reference. Moreover, the microparticle structure also endowed the CGs with high adsorption kinetics as the adsorption equilibrium for all pollutants was commonly reached within 30 min. The adsorption mechanisms for dyes were due to both electrostatic and π–π interactions, while those for heavy metals were the synergistic effect of electrostatic interactions, surface complexation and ion exchange. Further investigation indicated that the adsorption isotherms and kinetics can be well fitted by the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order model, respectively. By adjusting the GO content and solution pH, the adsorption capacities of our CGs can be further improved. The unique adsorption properties of our CGs, together with the spray drying method, make them very promising in the mass production of broad-spectrum adsorbents for water purification.

Graphical abstract: Facile fabrication of carboxymethyl cellulose sodium/graphene oxide hydrogel microparticles for water purification

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Mar 2016, accepted on 14 May 2016 and first published on 17 May 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA06438H
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 50061-50069
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    Facile fabrication of carboxymethyl cellulose sodium/graphene oxide hydrogel microparticles for water purification

    J. Liu, H. Chu, H. Wei, H. Zhu, G. Wang, J. Zhu and J. He, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 50061
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA06438H

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