Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 34, 2016, Issue in Progress
Previous Article Next Article

Facile and green synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots from onion waste and their potential applications as sensor and multicolour imaging agents

Author affiliations

Abstract

Here, we report a novel, facile and green approach for the synthesis of highly fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) with 28% quantum yield by utilizing onion waste as a precursor and by employing a simple autoclave. Optical and physicochemical properties of as synthesized CDs were studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV-visible, fluorescence spectroscopy and elemental analysis. These CDs exhibited high aqueous dispersibility, excitation dependent fluorescence emission and excellent stability to various effects like pH, high ionic strength and continuous irradiation. It was observed that the presence of Fe3+ ions could result in a strong fluorescence quenching, hence these CDs were applied as a fluorescent probe for the selective & sensitive detection of Fe3+ ions and a good linear correlation (R2 = 0.996) in the range of 0–20 μM with a detection limit of 0.31 μM was obtained. Cytotoxicity studies performed on both normal (HEK-293 cells) and cancerous (HeLa) cells revealed their excellent biocompatibility and they were further employed as fluorescent probes for multicoloured (blue, green and red) imaging of HeLa cells. Impressed by their high selectivity, photo stability and excellent biocompatibility, the Fe3+ detection capability of these CDs was further evaluated in HeLa cells and applied for real water samples.

Graphical abstract: Facile and green synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots from onion waste and their potential applications as sensor and multicolour imaging agents

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jan 2016, accepted on 11 Mar 2016 and first published on 14 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA01669C
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 28633-28639
  •   Request permissions

    Facile and green synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots from onion waste and their potential applications as sensor and multicolour imaging agents

    R. Bandi, B. R. Gangapuram, R. Dadigala, R. Eslavath, S. S. Singh and V. Guttena, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 28633
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA01669C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements