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Issue 22, 2016
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A turn on fluorescent sensor based on lanthanide coordination polymer nanoparticles for the detection of mercury(II) in biological fluids

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Abstract

Coordination polymers have recently emerged as very fascinating materials due to their tunable nature. In this work, we develop a lanthanide coordination polymer (CPNP)-based turn on sensor for Hg2+ detection by employing the strategy of inner filter effect (IFE). This kind of CPNP is composed of europium ions (Eu3+) as metal centers and isophthalic acid (IPA) as bridging ligands that can sensitize the fluorescence of Eu3+. Because the excitation spectrum of Eu/IPA CPNPs greatly overlaps with the absorbance band of imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (Im), the presence of Im can significantly quench the fluorescence of Eu/IPA CPNPs through a process of IFE. Upon the addition of Hg2+, however, the Im-quenched fluorescence of Eu/IPA CPNPs can be recovered due to the suppression of the IFE of Im through the formation of a Hg/Im complex. As a fluorescent sensor for Hg2+ detection, Eu/IPA CPNPs not only show high sensitivity up to a detection limit of 2 nM and excellent selectivity, but also possess the advantages of fast response, simple preparation procedure and flexible sensing performance. More importantly, interference from the background fluorescence of biological fluids can be efficiently eliminated via a time-resolved detection mode. The presence of the sensing strategy would be beneficial to the design of other lanthanide coordination polymer-based fluorescent sensors.

Graphical abstract: A turn on fluorescent sensor based on lanthanide coordination polymer nanoparticles for the detection of mercury(ii) in biological fluids

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Dec 2015, accepted on 27 Jan 2016 and first published on 01 Feb 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA26849D
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 17811-17817
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    A turn on fluorescent sensor based on lanthanide coordination polymer nanoparticles for the detection of mercury(II) in biological fluids

    Q. Li, C. Wang, H. Tan, G. Tang, J. Gao and C. Chen, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 17811
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA26849D

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