Self-immolative versatile fluorogenic probes for screening of hydrolytic enzyme activity†
Enzyme triggered probes with a self-immolative linker for rapid and sensitive hydrolase detection through a cascade reaction have been reported. Their utility was proved by the preparation of three model compounds and their evaluation as enzyme substrates and demonstration of their applicability as fluorogenic probes for screening lipase, esterase and protease activities. These probes represent a new class of fluorogenic compounds, are stable under aqueous conditions and not susceptible to nonspecific degradation. The utilization of the carbamate cleavable linkage in a probe structure allows moving away of the bulky fluorophore from the enzyme recognition unit and targets different classes of enzymes with the same substrate.