Recent developments in the group-1B-metal-catalyzed synthesis of pyrroles
Pyrroles are important synthetic targets as a result of their occurrence in numerous biologically active molecules, their important roles in diverse living processes, and their utility as versatile intermediates. As a consequence, numerous efforts focused on the development of concise and efficient methods for the construction of pyrroles. Compared with other transition metals, the group 1B metals (Cu, Ag and Au) are probably more versatile and widely used for the synthesis of pyrroles in organic chemistry. Considering the importance of both topics in organic synthesis, here we summarize recent achievements in the synthesis of pyrroles catalyzed by monometallic systems which belong to the group 1B metals (Cu, Ag and Au).