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Issue 4, 2016
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Nucleobase-functionalized graphene nanoribbons for accurate high-speed DNA sequencing

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Abstract

We propose a water-immersed nucleobase-functionalized suspended graphene nanoribbon as an intrinsically selective device for nucleotide detection. The proposed sensing method combines Watson–Crick selective base pairing with graphene's capacity for converting anisotropic lattice strain to changes in an electrical current at the nanoscale. Using detailed atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we study sensor operation at ambient conditions. We combine simulated data with theoretical arguments to estimate the levels of measurable electrical signal variation in response to strains and determine that the proposed sensing mechanism shows significant promise for realistic DNA sensing devices without the need for advanced data processing, or highly restrictive operational conditions.

Graphical abstract: Nucleobase-functionalized graphene nanoribbons for accurate high-speed DNA sequencing

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
12 Oct 2015
Accepted
22 Dec 2015
First published
23 Dec 2015

Nanoscale, 2016,8, 1861-1867
Article type
Communication

Nucleobase-functionalized graphene nanoribbons for accurate high-speed DNA sequencing

E. Paulechka, T. A. Wassenaar, K. Kroenlein, A. Kazakov and A. Smolyanitsky, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 1861
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07061A

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