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Issue 3, 2016
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Mono and trivalent thallium–sulfur interactions and their influence on the formation of nano thallium sulphide: single crystal X-ray structural and spectral studies on thallium(i)/(iii)–cyclohexylpiperazine dithiocarbamates

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Abstract

Thallium(I) and thallium(III)–cyclohexylpiperazine dithiocarbamates have been prepared with the same donor environment for the first time and analyzed by electronic, IR, 1H, 13C NMR spectral, CV and single crystal X-ray structural analyses. Solvothermal decomposition of the dithiocarbamates yielded nano Tl4S3 and were characterized. Bond parameters from single crystal X-ray structures have been used in continuous symmetry measure and bond valence sum analysis of the compounds to establish the octahedral geometry and formal oxidation numbers of thallium. [Tl(chpzdtc)]2 (1) shows extensive non covalent interactions and the hemidirected TlS2CSTl core is of distorted square pyramidal geometry with the stereo chemically active lone pair of thallium(I) occupying a vertex of the square pyramid. This is the first report which identifies the 4f7/2 and 4f5/2 electron binding energies of Tl(I) and Tl(III) dithiocarbamates unambiguously and the effect of Tl⋯C interaction on XPS binding energies. [Tl(chpzdtc)3] (2), the trivalent analogue as a contrast is a typical holodirected TlS6 distorted octahedral core with no significant supramolecular interactions. Mean Tl–S bond distances in 1 and 2 are 2.985(7) and 2.6789(19) Å, respectively, which clearly support the higher ease of solvothermal decomposition of 1 to nano Tl4S3 than 2. A strong correlation exists between the bond strengths of Tl–S, the thioureide C–N and the ease of formation of Tl4S3 from the two dithiocarbamates 1 and 2.

Graphical abstract: Mono and trivalent thallium–sulfur interactions and their influence on the formation of nano thallium sulphide: single crystal X-ray structural and spectral studies on thallium(i)/(iii)–cyclohexylpiperazine dithiocarbamates

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
31 Oct 2015
Accepted
11 Jan 2016
First published
11 Jan 2016

New J. Chem., 2016,40, 2489-2500
Article type
Paper

Mono and trivalent thallium–sulfur interactions and their influence on the formation of nano thallium sulphide: single crystal X-ray structural and spectral studies on thallium(I)/(III)–cyclohexylpiperazine dithiocarbamates

K. Ramalingam, C. Rizzoli and G. S. Sivagurunathan, New J. Chem., 2016, 40, 2489
DOI: 10.1039/C5NJ02980E

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