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Issue 17, 2016
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On-demand droplet splitting using surface acoustic waves

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We demonstrated the operation of an acoustomicrofluidic device composed of a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchannel and a slanted-finger interdigitated transducer (SF-IDT), for the on-demand splitting of droplets in an active, accurate, rapid, and size-controllable manner. A narrow beam of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) that emanated from the SF-IDT exerted an acoustic radiation force (ARF) on the droplet's water–oil interface due to the acoustic contrast between the two fluids. The ARF split the mother droplet into two or more daughter droplets of various volumes in a split ratio that was readily controlled by varying the applied voltage or the flow rate. Theoretical estimates of the ARF acting on the droplet interface were used to investigate the mechanism underlying the droplet splitting properties and size control. The versatility of the acoustomicrofluidic device operation was demonstrated by selectively pushing/placing a suspended polystyrene particle into a specific/preferred split daughter droplet using the direct ARF acting on the particle.

Graphical abstract: On-demand droplet splitting using surface acoustic waves

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2016, accepted on 08 Jul 2016 and first published on 08 Jul 2016

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6LC00648E
Citation: Lab Chip, 2016,16, 3235-3243

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    On-demand droplet splitting using surface acoustic waves

    J. H. Jung, G. Destgeer, B. Ha, J. Park and H. J. Sung, Lab Chip, 2016, 16, 3235
    DOI: 10.1039/C6LC00648E

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