An efficient Passerini tetrazole reaction (PT-3CR)
A sonication accelerated, catalyst free, simple, high yielding and efficient method for the Passerini-type three-component reaction (PT-3CR) has been developed. It comprises the reaction of an aldehyde/ketone, an isocyanide and a TMS-azide in methanol : water (1 : 1) as the solvent system. The use of sonication not only accelerated the rate of the reaction but also provided good to excellent quantitative yields. This reaction is applicable to a broad scope of aldehydes/ketones and isocyanides.