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Issue 1, 2016
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Membrane materials for water purification: design, development, and application

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Abstract

Water purification for human use, ecosystem management, agriculture, and industry is emerging as a leading global priority. Access to sufficient clean water ultimately requires improvements over the current state of water filtration technology. Membrane technologies for water purification have been actively pursued for decades, but with recent innovation of both analytical and fabrication tools, more advanced membrane technologies are surfacing. Here, we review the design, development, and application of new membrane materials, fabrication methods for controlling the filtration size regime, analytical tools for performance testing, and molecular modeling for transport and separation. Membrane chemical stability, fouling, and environmental impact as open questions are also presented.

Graphical abstract: Membrane materials for water purification: design, development, and application

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Article information


Submitted
25 Jun 2015
Accepted
07 Sep 2015
First published
09 Sep 2015

Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016,2, 17-42
Article type
Tutorial Review

Membrane materials for water purification: design, development, and application

A. Lee, J. W. Elam and S. B. Darling, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016, 2, 17
DOI: 10.1039/C5EW00159E

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