Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 4, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Large scale computational screening and experimental discovery of novel materials for high temperature CO2 capture

Author affiliations

Abstract

The implementation of large-scale carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) is dependent on finding materials that satisfy several different criteria, the most important being minimising the energy load imposed on the power plant to run the process. The most mature CCS technology, amine scrubbing, leads to a loss of 30% of the electrical work output of the power station without capture, which is far too high for widespread deployment. High-temperature CO2 absorption looping has emerged as a technology that has the potential to deliver much lower energy penalties, but further work is needed to find and develop an optimal material. We have developed a combined computational and experimental methodology to predict new materials that should have desirable properties for CCS looping, and then select promising candidates to experimentally validate these predictions. This work not only has discovered novel materials for use in high-temperature CCS looping, but analysis of the entirety of the screening enables greater insights into new design strategies for future development.

Graphical abstract: Large scale computational screening and experimental discovery of novel materials for high temperature CO2 capture

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
23 Oct 2015
Accepted
15 Jan 2016
First published
21 Jan 2016

This article is Open Access

Energy Environ. Sci., 2016,9, 1346-1360
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Large scale computational screening and experimental discovery of novel materials for high temperature CO2 capture

M. T. Dunstan, A. Jain, W. Liu, S. P. Ong, T. Liu, J. Lee, K. A. Persson, S. A. Scott, J. S. Dennis and C. P. Grey, Energy Environ. Sci., 2016, 9, 1346
DOI: 10.1039/C5EE03253A

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements