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Issue 10, 2016
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Coarse graining of force fields for metal–organic frameworks

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Abstract

We have adapted our genetic algorithm based optimization approach, originally developed to generate force field parameters from quantum mechanic reference data, to derive a first coarse grained force field for a MOF, taking the atomistic MOF-FF as a reference. On the example of the copper paddle-wheel based HKUST-1, a maximally coarse grained model, using a single bead for each three and four coordinated vertex, was developed as a proof of concept. By adding non-bonded interactions with a modified Buckingham potential, the resulting MOF-FF-CGNB is able to predict local deformation energies of the building blocks as well as bulk properties like the tbovs.pto energy difference or elastic constants in a semi-quantitative way. As expected, the negative thermal expansion of HKUST-1 is not reproduced by the maximally coarse grained model. At the expense of atomic resolution, substantially larger systems (up to tens of nanometers in size) can be simulated with respect to structural and mechanical properties, bridging the gap to the mesoscale. As an example the deformation of the [111] surface of HKUST-1 by a “tip” could be computed without artifacts from periodic images.

Graphical abstract: Coarse graining of force fields for metal–organic frameworks

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2015, accepted on 18 Dec 2015 and first published on 21 Dec 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5DT03865K
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Citation: Dalton Trans., 2016,45, 4370-4379
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    Coarse graining of force fields for metal–organic frameworks

    J. P. Dürholt, R. Galvelis and R. Schmid, Dalton Trans., 2016, 45, 4370
    DOI: 10.1039/C5DT03865K

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