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Issue 23, 2016
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Interaction of water with (silico)aluminophosphate zeotypes: a comparative investigation using dispersion-corrected DFT

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Porous aluminophosphates (AlPOs) and silicoaluminophosphates (SAPOs) with zeolite-like structures have received considerable attention as potential adsorbents for heat transformation applications using water adsorption/desorption cycles. Since a detailed experimental characterisation of the water adsorption properties has only been performed for some of these materials, such as AlPO-18 (AEI topology) and SAPO-34 (CHA topology), more systematic insights regarding the influence of the pore topology and (for SAPOs) the arrangement of the framework protons on the affinity towards water are lacking. To study the relationships between structure and properties in more detail, the interaction of water with six structurally different AlPOs (with AEI, AFX, CHA, ERI, GIS, RHO topologies) and their SAPO analogues was investigated using dispersion-corrected density-functional theory (DFT-D) calculations. Different possible locations of silicon atoms and charge-balancing protons were considered for the SAPO systems. The calculations for SAPOs at low water loadings (one H2O molecule per framework proton) revealed that the interaction energies exhibit a considerable variation, ranging from −75 to −100 kJ mol−1 (per water molecule). The differences in interaction energy were rationalised with the different structural environment of the framework protons at which the water molecules are adsorbed. At high water uptakes (near saturation), interaction energies in the range of −65 kJ mol−1 were obtained for all AlPOs, and there was no evidence for a marked influence of pore size and/or topology on the interaction strength. The interaction of water with SAPOs was found to be approximately 5 kJ mol−1 stronger than for AlPOs due to an increased contribution of electrostatic interactions. An analysis of the structural changes upon water adsorption revealed striking differences between the distinct topologies, with the materials with GIS and RHO topologies being distorted much more drastically than the systems based on double six-ring (d6r) units. Moreover, the direct coordination of water molecules to framework aluminium atoms occurs more frequently in these materials, an observation that points towards a reduced structural stability upon hydration.

Graphical abstract: Interaction of water with (silico)aluminophosphate zeotypes: a comparative investigation using dispersion-corrected DFT

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The article was received on 06 Apr 2016, accepted on 12 May 2016 and first published on 17 May 2016

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6CP02289H
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Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 15738-15750
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    Interaction of water with (silico)aluminophosphate zeotypes: a comparative investigation using dispersion-corrected DFT

    M. Fischer, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 15738
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CP02289H

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