An ultra hydrophilic dendrimer-modified magnetic graphene with a polydopamine coating for the selective enrichment of glycopeptides†
In recent MS-based glycoproteomics, the selective enrichment of glycopeptides from complex biological samples is essential. In this work, for the first time, a novel ultra hydrophilic dendrimer-modified magnetic graphene@polydopamine@poly(amidoamine) (magG@PDA@PAMAM) was synthesized via three simple and rapid steps. The magnetic composites combined large surface of graphene, strong magnetic responsiveness of Fe3O4 with double hydrophilic abilities of PDA and PAMAM. Especially PAMAM had long dendritic chains and abundant amino groups. When it was grafted onto magG@PDA, it strongly enhanced the hydrophilic properties of the magnetic composites. The PAMAM-functionalized magnetic composites were employed in the enrichment of glycopeptides, 15 glycopeptides from horseradish peroxidase (HRP) digestion were identified and the limit of detection was as low as 1 fmol μL−1. Also, it showed a good selectivity when the background nonglycopeptides had a concentration 100 fold higher than the target glycopeptides. All the results proved that magG@PDA@PAMAM has great potential in the glycoproteome analysis of complex biological samples.