Pore surface engineering in porous, chemically stable covalent organic frameworks for water adsorption†
Herein, we have explored the possibility of a class of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) as water adsorbing materials. We have selected, synthesized 12 chemically stable functionalized Schiff base COFs and thoroughly studied their water uptake behaviour. Further, a deep understanding was developed with these COFs towards the effects of condensation pressure of water and hydrophilic/hydrophobic groups present in the COF pores on water absorption capacity and ultimately, their recyclability. Among all reported COFs, TpPa-1 shows the highest water uptake of 30 wt% (368 cm3 g−1; 17 mmol g−1) at P/P0 = 0.3, which is also comparable with the recently reported carbon materials and few well known MOFs. This study also reveals that the overall water uptake of COFs can be tuned systematically based on chemical functionality and pore size in a wider window of relative pressures.