Aggregation-induced emission and aggregation-promoted photochromism of bis(diphenylmethylene)dihydroacenes
Reported herein is a new class of pure polycyclic hydrocarbon molecules, designed through a novel aggregation-induced emission (AIE) strategy, with unexpected photochromic properties. The restriction of intramolecular motion was found as a comprehensive mechanism for the AIE effect. The photochromism mechanism study revealed that the photocyclization reaction of cis-stilbene, the molecular conformation in the single crystal and the tetracene backbone should contribute to the unique photo behavior. In particular, the fast responsive, photo-reversible and thermo-irreversible photochromic effect facilitated in the solid state opens a new field of aggregation-promoted photochromism.