Recent advances in the application of deep eutectic solvents as sustainable media as well as catalysts in organic reactions
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs), also known as deep eutectic ionic liquids (DEILs) or low-melting mixtures (LMMs) or low transition temperature mixtures (LTTMs) in the literature, have become more and more attractive in recent years due to their interesting properties and benefits, such as low cost of components, easy to prepare, tunable physicochemical properties, negligible vapor pressure, non-toxicity, biorenewability and biodegradability. These eutectic mixtures have been widely used as green and sustainable media as well as catalysts in many chemical processes. This review focuses on recent advances using DESs in organic reactions including addition reactions, cyclization reactions, replacement reactions, multicomponent reactions, condensation reactions, oxidation reactions, and reducing reactions.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Organic chemistry collection