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Issue 10, 2015
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Thymoquinone, a bioactive component of Nigella sativa Linn seeds or traditional spice, attenuates acute hepatic failure and blocks apoptosis via the MAPK signaling pathway in mice

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Abstract

Thymoquinone (TQ), a bioactive natural product obtained from the black cumin seeds of Nigella sativa Linn, is a widely used spice or herb. The present study investigated the hepatoprotective effect of TQ on acute hepatic failure induced by D-galactosamine (D-GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. The mice were intragastrically administrated TQ (5 or 20 mg kg−1) for 12 h and 1 h prior to D-GalN (700 mg kg−1)/LPS (10 μg kg−1) injections and then sacrificed 8 h after treatment with D-GalN/LPS. TQ pretreatment reduced the mortality induced by D-GalN/LPS and reversed liver damage. TQ attenuated D-GalN/LPS-induced hepatocyte apoptosis, which was confirmed by suppressing caspase activation, PARP cleavage and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Importantly, TQ attenuated the D-GalN/LPS-mediated phosphorylation of JNK, ERK and p38. Furthermore, TQ suppressed the production of proinflammatory cytokines. These findings suggested that TQ could modulate D-GalN/LPS-mediated acute hepatic failure by inhibiting caspase activation, consistent with the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis and the MAPK signaling pathway.

Graphical abstract: Thymoquinone, a bioactive component of Nigella sativa Linn seeds or traditional spice, attenuates acute hepatic failure and blocks apoptosis via the MAPK signaling pathway in mice

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Article information


Submitted
23 Nov 2014
Accepted
19 Dec 2014
First published
19 Dec 2014

RSC Adv., 2015,5, 7285-7290
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Thymoquinone, a bioactive component of Nigella sativa Linn seeds or traditional spice, attenuates acute hepatic failure and blocks apoptosis via the MAPK signaling pathway in mice

Y. Yang, T. Bai, P. Sun, L. Lian, Y. Yao, H. Zheng, X. Li, J. Li, Y. Wu and J. Nan, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 7285
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA15065A

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