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Issue 20, 2015
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Review on carbon-based composite materials for capacitive deionization

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Abstract

The last five decades have witnessed the rapid development of capacitive deionization (CDI) as a novel, low-cost and environment-friendly desalination technology. During the CDI process, salt ions are sequestered by the porous electrodes once exposed to an electric field. These electrodes, acting as an ion storage container, play a vital role during desalination. In this review, various carbon-based composite electrode materials, including carbon–carbon composites, carbon–metal oxide composites, carbon–polymer composites and carbon–polymer–metal oxide composites, are systematically presented. Applications of these carbon-based composite materials for the removal of the salt ions from solution are demonstrated and they exhibit improved CDI performances compared with pristine carbon electrodes.

Graphical abstract: Review on carbon-based composite materials for capacitive deionization

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Nov 2014, accepted on 15 Jan 2015 and first published on 15 Jan 2015


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA14447C
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 15205-15225
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    Review on carbon-based composite materials for capacitive deionization

    Y. Liu, C. Nie, X. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Sun and L. Pan, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 15205
    DOI: 10.1039/C4RA14447C

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