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Issue 4, 2015
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Guest dependent reversible single-crystal to single-crystal structural transformation in a flexible Gd(iii)-coordination polymer

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Abstract

The ligand 2,6,2′,6′-tetranitro-biphenyl-4,4′-dicarboxylic acid (H2L) reacts solvothermally with [Gd(NO3)3]·6H2O to produce a flexible and porous metal–organic framework, {[Gd2(L)3(DMF)4]·(4DMF)·(3H2O)}n (1) (DMF = N,N′-dimethylformamide). An X-ray crystallographic study reveals that compound 1 contains a 3D framework structure with two different 1D channels (A and B) that are occupied by solvent DMF and water molecules. Crystals of 1 when kept in a dichloromethane solution of 4-chlorobenzaldedhyde (4-ClPhCHO) afford the daughter product {[Gd2(L)3(DMF)4]·(4-ClPhCHO)·(4DMF)}n (1a), via single-crystal to single-crystal (SC–SC) transformation, where lattice water molecules of channel B are replaced by guest aldehyde molecules. Likewise, exposure of 4-fluorobenzaldehyde (4-FPhCHO) and 4-methylbenzaldehyde (4-MePhCHO) vapors to fresh crystals of 1 afforded two isostructural daughter frameworks, {[Gd(L)1.5(DMF)(H2O)3]·(4-FPhCHO)·(DMF)·(3H2O)}n (1b) and {[Gd(L)1.5(DMF)(H2O)3]·(4-MePhCHO)·(2DMF)·(H2O)}n (1c), respectively. Here, the guest aldehyde molecules occupy both the channels of the framework. Interestingly, the latter transformations exhibit a drastic rearrangement of the framework channels followed by several ‘carboxylate-shift’ processes, and concomitant movement of the water molecules from the cavity to the metal center. Importantly, all the host–guest complexes revert back to the as-synthesized crystal when kept in fresh DMF, rendering the mother framework a flexible and dynamic container for the aromatic aldehydes. All these transformations transpire through an SC–SC fashion under ambient conditions, pointing to the high flexibility of the framework and “guest-responsive fitting” of the channels. All the compounds are characterized by X-ray crystallography, thermogravimetry, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction measurements and infrared spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: Guest dependent reversible single-crystal to single-crystal structural transformation in a flexible Gd(iii)-coordination polymer

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
04 Nov 2014
Accepted
08 Feb 2015
First published
12 Feb 2015

Inorg. Chem. Front., 2015,2, 395-402
Article type
Research Article
Author version available

Guest dependent reversible single-crystal to single-crystal structural transformation in a flexible Gd(III)-coordination polymer

T. K. Pal, D. De, S. Neogi and P. K. Bharadwaj, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2015, 2, 395
DOI: 10.1039/C4QI00193A

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