Polymorphic transformation towards formation of nanotubes by self-assembly of an achiral molecule
In this paper, nanotubes with a uniform diameter were prepared by self-assembly of an achiral azobenzene-containing fatty acid. The polymorphic transformation of the assemblies during the cooling process was systematically studied. By controlling the incubation temperature, different morphologies, such as membranes, stripes, helical ribbons and tubes, were all obtained in our experiment. These elements were all predicted by Selinger et al. in the theoretical model of the formation of nanotubes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimental example to fully support their theory.