Tunable plasmon resonance and enhanced second harmonic generation and upconverted fluorescence of hemispheric-like silver core/shell islands†
We investigate tunable plasmon resonance and enhanced second harmonic generation (SHG) and up-converted fluorescence (UCF) of the hemispheric-like silver core/shell islands. The Ag, Ag/Ag2O, and Ag/Ag2O/Ag island films are prepared by using a sputtering technique. The SHG and UCF of the Ag/Ag2O/Ag core/shell islands near the percolating regime is enhanced 2.34 and 3.94 times compared to the sum of two individual counterparts of Ag/Ag2O core/shell and Ag shell islands. The ratio of SHG intensity induced by p- and s-polarization is 0.86 for the initial Ag islands and increase to 1.61 for the Ag/Ag2O/Ag core/shell samples. The tunable intensity ratio of SHG to UCF of the Ag islands treated by thermal and laser annealing processes is also observed. The physical mechanism of the enhanced SHG and UCF in the Ag/Ag2O/Ag core/shell islands is discussed. Our observations provide a new approach to fabricate plasmon-enhanced optical nonlinear nanodevices with tunable SHG and UCF.