Marine natural products that interfere with multiple cytoskeletal protein interactions
Covering: up to 2014
Various marine natural products that target cytoskeletal proteins have been discovered. A few of these compounds have recently been shown to induce or inhibit protein–protein interactions. Lobophorolide, an actin filament-disrupting macrolide, binds to actin with a unique 2 : 2 stoichiometry in which two lobophorolide molecules cooperate to stabilize an actin dimer. Adociasulfates, merotriterpenoid derivatives, inhibit microtubule-stimulated ATPase activity of a motor protein kinesin by blocking both the binding of microtubules and the processive motion of kinesin along microtubules. The antitumor macrolide aplyronine A synergistically binds to tubulin in association with actin, and prevents spindle formation and mitosis. In this highlight, we address recent chemical biology studies on these mechanistically-attractive marine natural products. These findings may be useful for the design and development of new pharmacological tools and therapeutic agents.