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Issue 5, 2015
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A monolithic glass chip for active single-cell sorting based on mechanical phenotyping

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Abstract

The mechanical properties of biological cells have long been considered as inherent markers of biological function and disease. However, the screening and active sorting of heterogeneous populations based on serial single-cell mechanical measurements has not been demonstrated. Here we present a novel monolithic glass chip for combined fluorescence detection and mechanical phenotyping using an optical stretcher. A new design and manufacturing process, involving the bonding of two asymmetrically etched glass plates, combines exact optical fiber alignment, low laser damage threshold and high imaging quality with the possibility of several microfluidic inlet and outlet channels. We show the utility of such a custom-built optical stretcher glass chip by measuring and sorting single cells in a heterogeneous population based on their different mechanical properties and verify sorting accuracy by simultaneous fluorescence detection. This offers new possibilities of exact characterization and sorting of small populations based on rheological properties for biological and biomedical applications.

Graphical abstract: A monolithic glass chip for active single-cell sorting based on mechanical phenotyping

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Oct 2014, accepted on 16 Dec 2014 and first published on 16 Dec 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4LC01196A
Citation: Lab Chip, 2015,15, 1267-1275
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    A monolithic glass chip for active single-cell sorting based on mechanical phenotyping

    C. Faigle, F. Lautenschläger, G. Whyte, P. Homewood, E. Martín-Badosa and J. Guck, Lab Chip, 2015, 15, 1267
    DOI: 10.1039/C4LC01196A

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