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Issue 6, 2015
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Lignosulfonate-based acidic resin for the synthesis of renewable diesel and jet fuel range alkanes with 2-methylfuran and furfural

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Abstract

Protonated phenol-formaldehyde condensation products of sodium lignosulfonate and lignocellulose derived aldehydes were first reported as cost-effective catalysts for the hydroxyalkylation/alkylation (HAA) of 2-methylfuran and furfural. Among them, the LF resin which was prepared with sodium lignosulfonate and formaldehyde exhibited the best performance. With the LF resin, higher activity, catalytic efficiency and stability than those of Amberlyst resins were observed, which can be rationalized by its higher acidic strength. The HAA product of 2-methylfuran and furfural was further converted to diesel and jet fuel range alkanes by the solvent-free hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) over the Ni/H-ZSM-5 catalysts prepared by conventional or complexation impregnation methods. It was found that the presence of complex agents can promote the dispersion of Ni, which leads to the higher HDO activity of Ni/H-ZSM-5 catalysts.

Graphical abstract: Lignosulfonate-based acidic resin for the synthesis of renewable diesel and jet fuel range alkanes with 2-methylfuran and furfural

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Article information


Submitted
15 Feb 2015
Accepted
07 May 2015
First published
08 May 2015

Green Chem., 2015,17, 3644-3652
Article type
Paper

Lignosulfonate-based acidic resin for the synthesis of renewable diesel and jet fuel range alkanes with 2-methylfuran and furfural

S. Li, N. Li, G. Li, L. Li, A. Wang, Y. Cong, X. Wang and T. Zhang, Green Chem., 2015, 17, 3644
DOI: 10.1039/C5GC00372E

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